Woman with tea leaves under Where The Rain Falls (WTRF) Project- CARE India
From cultivators to smart farmers

Where The Rain Falls

Woman Drawing Water From Hand Pump under Where The Rain Falls Project (WTRF) - CARE India

Livelihoods of India’s Adivasis and tribal communities are nearly completely dependent on natural resources. However, most of them own less than two acres of land. Adivasi communities are a historically marginalised group who are highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture (mainly paddy rice) for their livelihoods. With the changing climatic patterns, they are forced to fight climate change impacts and environmental degradation, including water stress and erratic rainfalls, soil quality and fertility deterioration, and declining agro-biodiversity.

Over the last 50 years, rainfall patterns recorded in Chhattisgarh have progressively declined by 10-15%. The Bagicha and Panthalgaon blocks are considered as drought priority areas of the Jashpur district. In addition, the forest cover has decreased sharply due to slash and burn farming, non-sustainable forest product harvesting, mining activities and urbanisation.

Consecutive crop failures, low access to safe water, low access to markets and fragile livelihoods have exacerbated food insecurity risks. To cope with the situation, people either seek external support, reduce food consumption or leave their households either for daily labour work or for several months to work in cities or mines.

  Our Approach

Where the Rain Falls (WtRF) in India is a community-based in situ adaptation project to increase the resilience of Adivasi women to shocks and stresses around water, owing to climate change in Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh.

The water management approach adopted under this project for achieving water security is based on four pillars:

Water management cannot be thought in isolation. Forest, land, watershed management are to be associated to have a sustainable impact. The WTRF project has been promoting improved farming practices to ensure an optimised and sustainable use of resources to improve food security, preserve ecosystems and increase capacities to adapt to rainfalls variability.

Our Work

With the support of AXA, this project has been implemented over three phases.

Phase I of the project focused on research for situational analysis, followed by improved water management for adaptation planning. The interventions of phase II sought to address chronic risks like food and water insecurity due to climate change and how it impacts Adivasi women’s access, control, and management of natural resources. The third phase of WtRF is focussing on informing, influencing, and supporting community institutions and key development actors to adopt the CBA measures and technologies developed in the earlier phases.

The project has so far:

  • Promoted strong community institutions to increase Adivasi women’s access, control, and management of resources
  • Developed a cadre of community animators
  • Forged linkages of Adivasi households with various government departments for various inputs, services, and entitlements
  • Piloted crop improvement and diversification
  • Initiated work on improved soil, land, water, and forest management with community participation in project villages

Our Innovations

Women standing near field under CARE India's Where The Rain Falls Project (WTRF)

Our Achievements

  • 01

    Beneficiaries have been reached through this project

  • 02

    SHG members, farmers and VDC members from 20 project villages trained on soil and water conservation techniques

  • 03

    SHG members, farmers and Village Development Committee (VDC) members from nine villages trained on legal literacy (on legislations such as the Chhattisgarh Panchayati Raj Act and Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas Act (PESA))

Jashpur district, Chhatisgarh

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